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Divine Attributes in Hanbali
From a theological viewpoint, the Hanbali doctrine shares many core beliefs with other Sunni theological schools, such as the Ash'ari and Maturidi schools. However, there are some specific theological nuances within the Hanbali tradition.
The Hanbali doctrine strongly emphasizes the concept of Tawhid, which is the belief in the oneness of Allah (God). Hanbali theologians affirm the absolute unity and uniqueness of Allah, rejecting any form of association or partnership with Him. They emphasize the transcendence of Allah and His attributes, affirming them as described in the Qur'an and Hadith, without delving into speculative interpretation or analogy.
For example, Ibn Taymiyyah, a prominent Hanbali scholar, is well-known for his strict literalist approach in understanding the Divine Attributes. He placed great emphasis on the apparent or surface meanings of the texts, considering them as the primary basis for understanding these attributes.