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Euthanasia is the act of intentionally ending the life of a person who is suffering from a terminal illness or unbearable pain, often through the administration of lethal drugs. It is also referred to as assisted dying or mercy killing. Euthanasia can be voluntary, where the person who wishes to die makes a conscious decision to end their life, or non-voluntary, where a decision is made on behalf of a person who is unable to express their wishes, such as a person in a coma or with severe dementia. Euthanasia is a controversial and heavily debated issue, with arguments for and against its legalization and use. Let me explain: Is Mercy-Killing Allowed in Islam?
"Whoever kills a person, it is as though he has killed all mankind. And whoever saves a life, it is as though he has saved all mankind."
Narrated Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Whoever purposely throws himself from a mountain and kills himself, will be in the (Hell) Fire falling down into it and abiding therein perpetually forever; and whoever drinks poison and kills himself with it, he will be carrying his poison in his hand and drinking it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever; and whoever kills himself with an iron weapon, will be carrying that weapon in his hand and stabbing his `Abdomen with it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever." [Sahih al-Bukhari 5778]
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) observed: “He who killed himself with steel (weapon) would be the eternal denizen of the Fire of Hell and he would have that weapon in his hand and would be thrusting that in his stomach forever and ever, he who drank poison and killed himself would sip that in the Fire of Hell where he is doomed forever and ever; and he who killed himself by falling from (the top of) a mountain would constantly fall in the Fire of Hell and would live there forever and ever.” [Sahih Muslim: H#109a]
Ayesha (May Allah be pleased with her) reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: “A believer does not receive (the trouble) of running a thorn or more than that but Allah elevates him in rank or effaces his sins because of that.”
This Hadith emphasizes the rewards that come with enduring hardship with patience and faith. Muslims are encouraged to view suffering as a means of spiritual growth and an opportunity to gain reward from Allah.
Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) on mercy killing or euthanasia: