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The Secrets Revealed | Unit 1 | Ritual Purification | Section 2
Non-Purifying Pure Ware
The author (Imam ibn Qudamah), may Allah have mercy on him, said:
"The second category is non-purifying pure water. This refers to water that has been mixed with something pure, causing a change in its characteristics, or when its ingredients are dominant on water, or when it has been cooked. If any of its qualities have changed, such as its color, taste, or odor, or if it has been used to remove a state of impurity or for a recommended purification act like renewing ablution or washing on Fridays, or if a hand is immersed in it while waking up from sleep at night before washing it three times, does it lose its purifying status? There are two narrations regarding this matter."
Unanimous Non-purifying Pure Water
Allah Almighty says:
“If you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you has used the toilet or has had contact with women and can find no water, then make Tayammum, take some clean soil, and rub your faces and hands with it. Allah is the Lenient, the Forgiving..” [4:43]
Abu Zar Al-Ghifari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) said, “Verily! Clean soil is a means of purification for you until you find water, even after ten years, and when you find water, clean your skin with it.”
[Musnad Imam Ahamad:H.21629, 21630, 21698, Sunan Abu Dawood: H.332, Jami at-Tirmidhi:H.124]
Water Employed to Remove a State of Impurity (Hadath)
The reason for such water being clean and pure is that no filth has been added to it, so it retains its original clean quality. It is also concluded from the following Hadith:
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) came to visit me while I was sick and unconscious. He performed ablution and sprinkled the remaining water on me and I became conscious and said, "O Allah's Apostle! To whom will my inheritance go as I have neither ascendants nor descendants?" Then the Divine verses regarding Fara'id (inheritance) were revealed.
[Musnad Imam Ahamad:H.14349, Sahih Bukhari:H.194, 4577, Sahih Muslim:H.1616, Sahih Ibni Hibban:H.1266, Sahih Ibni Khuzaimah:H.106]
Washing Hands before Immersing into Water
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle ( May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) said, "Whoever wakes up from his sleep should wash his hands thrice before putting them in the water for ablution, because nobody knows where his hands were during sleep."
[Musnad Imam Ahamad:H.7590, 7802, Sahih Bukhari:H.194, 4577, Sahih Muslim:278]
The text concludes as follows:
1. It implies only to the person who gets up from the night's sleep.
2. The sleep should be deep enough to invalidate Wudhu.
3. If the person is not sexually defiled, then it will apply only to his hands, rather other body parts.
4. Children, insane people, and disbelievers are exempted from this command.
5. Washing thrice is an obligation.
6. It implies that he has the intention of ritual purification.
7. Obligation of washing hands thrice implies when water is small in quantity.
8. It implies only water, not other liquids.
The text, being concise, mentions only the obligatory position regarding ritual purification. However, washing hands before putting them into water or touching any food, is recommended all the time for every person, Muslim or Non-Muslim, children or elders, whether they do not sleep at all, whether they have no intention of ritual purification, whether the water in the container or food is large in quantity.
Salman Al-Farisi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that he read in Taurah that there is a blessing in washing hands after taking a meal. I told Allah’s Apostle (May Allah shower His blessings and peace on him) what I read in Torah. He said, “There is a blessing in washing hands before and after a meal.”
[Musnad Imam Ahamad:H.24133]
Mansoor bin Younus Al-Buhuti Al-Hanbali said:
“Washing hands before a meal is Sunnah (recommended) and after it as well.”