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In the Name of ALLAH, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Author :Sajid Mahmood Ansari Introduction: All praise is due to ALLAH and His blessi...

Showing posts with label tawheed. Show all posts
Showing posts with label tawheed. Show all posts

Wednesday, September 29, 2021

Shahadah: Declaration of Faith


Shahadah: Declaration of Faith

Shahadah: Declaration of Faith

Author: Sajid Mahmood Ansari

Shahadah refers to declaration of the fundamental Islamic faith that circles around the Oneness of Only God Almighty and the Prophe-thood of the last Divine Messenger Muhammad (PBUH). The literal meaning of Shahadah goes as follows:

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and there is no partner with Him. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and a Messenger.

That is, I confess and affirm with my tongue and heart that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala is the Creator, Lord and Master of the universe. Nothing in the universe is hidden from Him. His Exalted Essence is beyond the Universe; the vastness of time and space cannot encompass His Essence. Everything has been created by Him except His Attributes. His Glorious Names represent His Essence. He is independent of all the things, while everything needs Him for its existence. He is not mere a perception, but the real God of the universe. He is unique and matchless with all His attributes. Nothing is comparable to Him. All the necessities for the survival of man and his life have been created by the Most Merciful and Compassionate Lord.  He is the Sovereign, the power of every gain and loss is in His hands, abundance and sustenance in provision, death and resurrection, honor and humiliation, disease and healing, suffering and relief, birth of children or Infertility is all under his control. What He wanted happened and what He didn't want didn't happen, so He deserves to be called upon in every difficulty, every need be sought from Him. He should be thanked for all the blessings bestowed upon a person and vows should be made in His name. He is not absent from anywhere, that is, His command is omnipresent everywhere, so He is worthy to be feared by Him and to use all one's abilities to please Him. May the utmost humility be manifested before Him and may the ultimate love be specified for Him. So He is worthy of all kinds of worship. No entity should be involved in His worship because no prophet, angel, saint, elder or other creature possesses any of the attributes of His divinity. Just as the universe is subject to His command, so it is obligatory upon every human being to obey His every command. His command is the law which is obligatory for all to follow.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the most beloved and best servant of Allah. He is the leader of all the Prophets (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them). After the manifestation of His Prophet-hood in this world, Allah has appointed no one a Prophet in the past nor will appoint in the future. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is incomparable in his personality and character. In His superior human qualities, other human beings are similar only in names. Allah Almighty revealed His Book the Holy Qur’an to him. It is mandatory for all the Muslims to follow the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) including the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah.

Unlike ordinary human beings, he was free from animal lusts.  He is such a masterpiece of the most beautiful combination of light and matter that there is no precedent in the universe, so he is superior to all other creatures. He is the ultimate authority for the guidance in this world. Allah (swt)  blessed him with innumerable tidings and supernatural qualities which are called miracles. Whatever he prophesied under the guidance of divine revelation proved to be one hundred percent true in his time, while many of his prophecies are about to be fulfilled. He is the intercessor of the Day of Judgment. With the permission of God, he will ask God’s forgiveness for the people of Tawheed.

Monday, January 4, 2021

The Matchless God

The Matchless God

Author: Sajid Mahmood Ansari

Islam is a universal religion followed by a cosmopolitan Ummah. It is the religion of the apostles like Adam, Noah, Ibraheem, Ismail, Ishaq, Yaqoob, Yousuf, Younus, Ilyas, Moosa, Eisa and the Last Messenger Muhammad (). Tawheed is the foundation of Islamic faith. All other articles of faith directly relates with this doctrinal foundation.

Literal Meanings of Tawheed

Tawheed is an Arabic construction derived from the root و ح د (wa, hha, da) that literally refers to the singularity. While in Islamic terminology Taoheed is the belief in oneness of the God Almighty—Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, with affirmation that there exists no god but Allah Almighty. Allah swt is the only deity worshipped by all the apostles, as we mentioned above.

The noun Allah (swt) is a unique word in Arabic language. The correct view is that this noun has not been derived from any root letters, as it is normative in Arabic language. It has neither a plural form nor an opposite gender. This is because it was revealed to Adam (A.S) as it is. The claim that Al-Lat (a deity worshipped by pagan Arabs before Muhammad S.A.W) is the feminine of Allah, is totally wrong.

The Holy Qur’an is the basic source of Islamic faith. The fundamental and central theme of the Qur’an is pure monotheism. The Qur’an says:

This (Qur’an) is a clear message for mankind in order that they may be warned thereby and that they may know that He is only one God, and that genius people may take heed.”[1]

Even the pagan Arabs believed that Allah Almighty is the Creator, the Originator and all-powerful, though they worshipped other deities save Allah.

Say: "Who is it that provides you with sustenance out of heaven and earth,   or who is it that has full power over [your] hearing and sight? And who is it that brings forth the living out of that which is dead, and brings forth the dead out of that which is alive? And who is it that governs all that exists?" And they will [surely] answer: "[It is] Allah."   Say, then: "Will you not, then, become [fully] conscious of Him – [2]

The Qur’an states:

All praise is due to Allah, who has created the heavens and the earth, and brought into being deep darkness as well as light: 1  and yet, those who are bent on denying the truth regard other powers as their Sustainer's equals!

Tawheed mainly consists of three doctrines:

Tawheed fir Ruboobiyah:

The belief that Allah Almighty is the universal Creator, the Originator and the Sustainer of the universe, without any assistants and partners, is termed as Tawheed fir Ruboobiyah. As the Qur’an announces:

Say "Who is the Sustainer of the heavens and the earth?" Say: "[It is] Allah." Say: "[Why,] then, do you take for your protectors, instead of Him, such as have it not within their power to bring benefit to, or avert harm from, themselves?" [3]

The Qur’an states:

All praise is due to Allah, who has created the heavens and the earth, and brought into being deep darkness as well as light: and yet, those who are bent on denying the truth regard other powers as their Sustainer's equals![4]

The Qur’an states:

 That is ALLAH, your Lord, the Creator of all things, there is no God save Him.”[5]

It is noteworthy that the Qur’an clearly deprecates any kinship attributed to Almighty God. He is absolute single without any kinship. Allah Almighty introduced His Self in Surah Al-Ikhlas:

Say: “Alone Allah is matchless. ALLAH is As-Samad (the Absolute Master). He neither reproduces, nor was reproduced. There is none comparable to Him.[6]

Allah Almighty is independent of any things. He needs neither a wife for sexual relationship, nor offspring for assisting Him.

The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How could it be that He should have a child without there ever having been a mate for Him - since it is He who has created everything, and He alone knows everything? [7]

So the claim that Islamic faith of Taoheed is nothing but a copy of pre-existing Abrahamic religions, is totally baseless. The Qur’an says:

They surely disbelieve who say that ALLAH is the third of three. There is no God but only one God.[8]

Jesus the Christ (A.S) was nothing but His slave and Messenger. He was not the son of God, as some people believe. The Qur’an clarifies:

Indeed, the truth deny they who say, "Behold, Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary" - while the Messiah [himself] said, "O children of Israel! Worship Allah [alone], who is my Sustainer as well as your Sustainer." [9]

This statement of Messiah—Jesus Christ appears in the Bible repeatedly in different ways. Read Cf. Matthew iv, 10; Luke iv, 8; John xx, 17.

“‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.”[10]


Tawheed fis Sifat

Allah Almighty, the Creator and the Originator of the universe created all the matter and energy and whatsoever of we are ignorant of, with a single Divine Decree. He, the Almighty, is matchless in all His Attributes indicating His perfection of the highest level. His creatures, including the Prophets, apostles and angels, share nothing with him, traits and character, of any degree. This is an agreed upon doctrine of Orthodox Muslims.

Allah Almighty said:

“Ar-Rahman [Allah, the All-Merciful] has been the only sovereign (King) of the universe. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens, all that is in the earth and whatever lies between them and whatever lies beneath the soil. If you pronounce the word aloud, then [it makes no difference, for] He certainly knows the secret and what is even more hidden. [Such is] Allah. There is no God but He. For Him are the Beautiful Names (attributes of perfection).” [11]

Allah possesses matchless, unique and the most perfect attributes, which resemble neither humans nor any other creatures. There is no scale to judge His perfection, so we can’t interpret His attributes in terms of quantity or quality. We take Him, as He expresses Himself, no more or less. In Qur’an these perfect attributes are called Asmaul Husna ‘The Most Beautiful Names’. The Qur’an says:

 And Allah’s [alone] are the attributes of perfection;  invoke Him, then, by these, and stand aloof from all who distort the meaning of His attributes.”[12]

One should mind that there is a broad consensus of the Muslim scholarship regarding prime principles about His Self and attributes. All His attributes are considered according to these principles. These principles have been mainly derived from Surah Al-Ikhlasand Ayatul Kursi.

 Allah Almighty is beyond the time and space, separate from the creatures, so nothing encompasses Him.

The Qur’an says:

Vision can not comprehend Him.” [13]

His beautiful name Al-Hayu (Ever Living) and Al-Qayyum (Sel-Subsistent) appear in the Qur’an at many places. These names prove that He is Pre-existing. He existed before any being save Him. So all the creatures are separate from His Self and nothing encompasses His Self.

So Allah the Exalted created the creatures while He was separate from them, distinguished from His creation, outside of His Self. No creation includes anything from His Self and His Self contains nothing from the creation. If He is not separate then He will be either penetrated into the creation or He would have acted as a container for it, while Allah the Exalted is free from this state.

He is matchless in every respect, His Self and attributes.

The Qur’an says:

Say: “Alone Allah is matchless.” [14]

“There is none comparable to Him.” [15]

Nothing is like Him.[16]

These Ayaat denote that Allah Almighty is matchless with respect to His Self and attributes. His oneness also refers to the fact that everything has a similar or opposite in this universe. But there is nothing similar or opposite to Almighty God.

So Names and Attributes of Allah the Exalted deserve more to be matchless, though His Names and  Attributes may literally resemble with that of the human beings, still these are not comparable  with the creation, these are quite different in reality.

His Self and attributes are perfect without any sort of flaws.

The Qur’an says:

“There is none comparable to Him.” [17]

As Allah Almighty is matchless and nothing is comparable to Him, it demands perfection in His Self and attributes. The absolute perfection is affirmed for Allah Almighty, but this level of perfection is far beyond the perfection that is possible for any other entity. This sort of perfection that is devoid of all flaws, is affirmed only for the Lord, the Exalted. He deserves it for His sacred Self. This affirmation necessitates negation of its invalidator. So affirmation of the Life negates the death. Affirmation of the Knowledge negates unawareness. Affirmation of the Omnipotence negates weakness. Affirmation of this Perfection is required by the logical arguments, assuring evidences and reported evidences.

His Self is not a physical body, composed of atoms or human like organs.

The same Ayah (42:11) mentioned above proves that Allah Almighty must not be a physical body or even any form of energy. All of this is void for Him. It is known that He has been Independent Lord forever, and it is invalid to say that He was dispersed then became united and it void for Him to be dispersed. An entity neither emerges out of His Self nor enters into Him.

What is proved in the reported narratives, that is also proved by the intellect, like the fact that there is nothing comparable to Allah the Flawless, nothing is His name-sake, nothing is like Him. It is impossible to be His reality like the reality of the creatures, the reality of His Attributes can not be like reality of the qualities of creatures. It is certainly known that He is not from the kind of creatures.

According to second law of thermodynamics every physical body tends to change, decline and demolish. Contrary to that Allah Almighty is Ever Living that negates the possibility of decline and demolition. It proves that He is not a physical body.

He is independent of all the creatures.

The Qur’an says:

Allah is As-Samad (the Absolute Master).[18]

As-Samad refers to the absolute Master who provides the needs of all His slaves but He does not need their assistance. As Allah Almighty said:

O men! It is you who stand in need of Allah, whereas He alone is self-sufficient, the One to whom all praise is due.[19]

His Attributes exist with His Self; these are neither the Being itself exclusively, nor these are separate entities in addition to His Self.

About the noun Allah, when recited Al-Hamdulillah or Bismillah, it includes His Self and Attributes simultaneously. It neither denotes Self without Attributes exclusively, nor only Attributes without Self. It has been narrated by Imams (Leading Scholars) that His Attributes are included in His Names by default. So it would not be stated that Knowledge of Allah Almighty and His Power exist in addition to His Self separately.

The Life, the Intention, the Knowledge, the Power, the Speech, the Hearing and the Vision are His Affirmative Attributes.

Verily! the Life, the Knowledge, the Omnipotence, the Hearing, the Vision and the Speech are qualities of perfection that are binding to be exist, these are flawless. Definitely one who possesses these qualities is more perfect than one who is devoid of them. Negating these qualities is considered imperfection, rather affirming them.

The Sifat Mutashabihat should be interpreted in accordance with the said Principles laid by Allah Almighty. For example Face represents His Essence; Hand denotes His All-Powers; Eyes represent His Vision without any organ or instrument etcetra.

Taoheed fil Oloohiyah

Before the revelation of the Qur’an, the Arab pagans used to assign partners to the Supreme Being--Almighty Allah. They believed that their adopted deities intercede with their Supreme Lord. So they used to worship these deities to please them. The Qur’an mentions their claim in these words:

Is it not to Allah alone that all sincere faith is due? And yet, they who take for their protectors aught beside Him [are wont to say], "We worship them for no other reason than that they bring us nearer to Allah."[20]

And [neither will] they [who] worship, side by side with Allah, things or beings that can neither harm nor benefit them, saying [to themselves], "These are our intercessors with Allah!"[21]

The Qur’an fully rejected this notion of intercession in this world.

Allah - there is no deity save Him, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsistent Fount of All Being. Neither slumber overtakes Him, nor sleep. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth. Who is there that could intercede with Him, unless it be by His leave? He knows all that lies open before men and all that is hidden from them,   whereas they cannot attain to aught of His knowledge save that which He wills [them to attain]. His eternal power  overspreads the heavens and the earth, and their upholding wearies Him not. And He alone is truly exalted, tremendous. [22]

As Allah swt is all-Knowing and all-Watching, He does not require any sort of intercession to become familiar with needs of His devotees. So the Qur’an strictly orders to worship only God, Almighty Allah.

O Mankind! Worship your Sustainer, who has created you and those who lived before you, so that you might remain conscious of Him. [23]

All the apostles focused on Taoheed fil Oloohiyah deliberately. The Qur’an says:

And indeed, within every community have We raised up an apostle [entrusted with this message]: "Worship Allah, and shun the powers of evil!"[24]

Same is mentioned in Surah Al-Anbia:

And We sent not before you any messenger except that We revealed to him that, "There is no deity except Me, so worship Me.”[25]

In Surah Hood, there have been mentioned almost all famous apostles and the message they promoted throughout their lives. Their message was as follows:

He said: "O my people! Worship Allah [alone] you have no deity other than Him.[26]

The Holy Qur’an is full of Taouheed narratives. In fact the Taouheed is the main subject of the Qur’an. It is a duty of the Muslims to learn the doctrine of Taouheed properly because it is the base of Islam.

Abdullah bin Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) narrated:

I heard the Messenger of Allah ()say:

“(The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), testifying (the fact) that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad () is His bondsman and messenger, and the establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, Pilgrimage to the House (Ka'ba) and the fast of Ramadan.” [27]

Invoke Allah Almighty Alone

Invoking Allah Almighty alone for help is the core practice of Taoheed. Allah Almighty said:

And [know] that all worship is due to God [alone]: hence, do not invoke anyone side by side with Allah![28]

All the Muslims invoke Him in their daily prayers repeatedly. Al-Fatihah, being an essential part of Salaah (prayers), is recited at least two times in each prayer. Every Muslim says:

You alone we worship and You alone we ask for help.[29]

Shirk / Polytheism

Shirk is antonym of Taoheed. Shirk is considered the most grievous sin in Islam. As the Holy Qur’an mentions:

Verily, Allah does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to aught beside Him, although He forgives any lesser sin unto whomever He wills: for he who ascribes divinity to aught beside Allah has indeed contrived an awesome sin.[30]

A person who commits shirk and leaves this world without repenting, hell fire is waiting for him.

Behold, whoever ascribes divinity to any being beside Allah, unto him will Allah deny paradise, and his goal shall be the fire; and such evildoers will have none to succor them![31]

Abdullah bin Masood (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah's Messenger () said, "Anyone who dies worshipping others along with Allah will definitely enter the Hell Fire. [32]

In short, Taoheed is the foremost article of Islamic faith, while all other articles of faith are raised on this foundation. We seek refuge in Allah Almighty, ask for His forgiveness and grace.

[1]Qur’an, 14:52

[2]Qur’an, 10:31

[3]Qur’an, 13:16

[4]Qur’an, 06:01

[5]Qur’an, 40:62

[6]Qur’an, 112:1-4

[7]Qur’an, 06:101

[8]Qur’an, 05:73

[9]Qur’an, 05:72

[11]Qur’an, 20:5-8

[12]Qur’an, 07:180

[13]Qur’an, 06:103

[14]Qur’an, 112:1

[15]Qur’an, 112:4

[16]Qur’an, 42:11

[17]Qur’an, 112:4

[18]Qur’an, 112:2

[19]Qur’an, 35:15

[20]Qur’an, 39:03

[21]Qur’an, 10:18

[22]Qur’an, 02:255

[23]Qur’an, 02:21

[24]Qur’an, 16:36

[25]Qur’an, 21:25

[26] Qur’an, 11:50, 61, 84

[27] Sahih Muslim: H#16 C


[28]Qur’an, 27:62

[29] Qur’an, 01:05

[30]Qur’an, 04:48

[31]Qur’an, 05:72

[32]Sahih Bukhari:H#1238

Thursday, April 25, 2019

Quran, Surah Al-Fatihah, 1:1-7

اعوذ باللہ من الشیطٰن الرجیم

(1) In the  name of ALLAH[2], Who is Ar Rahman (The Gracious)[3], Ar Raheem (The Merciful)[4].
(1)All praise[5]be to ALLAH, the Lord[6]of the Worlds[7].
(2)He is Ar Rahman (The Gracious)[8], Ar Raheem (The Merciful) [9].
(3)The Master of the Day of Reward.[10]
(4)You alone we worship[11]and You alone we ask for help[12].
(5)Guide us[13]along the Straight Way [14].
(6)The way of those whom You have granted.[15]
(7) They were neither  the condemned, nor the astray[16].

[1] Al-Fatihah is the first Surah(chapter) of the Glorious Qur’an, resembling a preamble of a book, but with a unique style. Al-Fatihah has certain other names to be called e.g. Umm-ul-Kitab (Root of the Book), Sab-ul-Mathani(Seven Repeated Verses). [Husain bin Masood Al Baghwi, Ma’alim-ut- Tanzeel:1/37]
[2] ALLAH is the Arabic construction used for the only God. The Qur’an states: “That is ALLAH, your Lord, the Creator of all things, there is no God save Him.” [40:62] As we shall see, ALLAH has revealed Himself in His Holy Book, the Qur’an. The fundamental and central theme of the Qur’an is pure monotheism. The Qur’an says: “This (Qur’an) is a clear message for mankind in order that they may be warned thereby and that they may know that He is only one God, and that genius people may take heed.” [14:52] Qur’an promotes a unique concept of Tauheed (monotheism), which is not found in any other religion. In fact the other name of Islam is Tauheed. According to Qur’an the Supreme Being, the Originator of the universe is nothing but one God, absolute in His features, without any concerns and human relationships with His creatures. He is not a composition of two, three or more entities but He is absolute single without any kinship. The Qur’an states: “Say: ALLAH is only one. ALLAH is the Absolute Master. He neither reproduces, nor was reproduced. There is none comparable to Him.” [112:1- 4] “ALLAH has said :Don’t choose two gods, He is the only God.” [16:51]
 They surely disbelieve who say that ALLAH is the third of three. There is no God but only one God.” [5:73] ALLAH, the only God, is a matchless entity as the Qur’an says: “Nothing is like Him.”[42:11]In this world, we can not observe Him as the Qur’an mentions: “Vision can not comprehend Him.”[6:103], but we can discover Him through His actions i.e. natural phenomena. The Qur’an says: “ And He shows you His signs, so that you may comprehend.”[2:73] His signs are scattered through out the universe. The Qur’an says: “Among His signs are the creation of the heavens and the earth and the animals, He has dispersed therein.”[42:29] Particularly, creation of man, is His brightest sign. He asks: “ Whether  were they created out of nothing or  are they the creators?[52:35] One who comprehends this sign, surely, discovers Him.
 The Holy Book begins in the name of the only God, ALLAH, like other Divine Books. It is a constant verse of the Glorious Qur’an revealed on the beginning of each Surah except Surah At Taubah(9). [Muhammad bin Abdullah Al Zarkashi Al Misri, Sharah Al Zarkashi :1/176]
[3] ALLAH possesses matchless, unique and the most perfect attributes, which resemble neither humans nor any other creatures. There is no scale to judge His perfection, so we can’t interpret His attributes  in terms of quantity or quality. We take Him, as He expresses Himself, no more or less. In Qur’an these perfect attributes are called ‘The Most Beautiful Names’. Qur’an says: “ALLAH’s are the most beautiful names , invoke Him by them.”[7:180] Muhammad the Messenger (peace be on him), described more than 100 Most Beautiful Names, most of them have been taken from the Noble Qur’an, One should mind that these Beautiful Names do not represent different deities but these are the Divine Attributes meant for the Only God, characterizing His persona. It is like qualifying an object by a number of adjectives, e.g. being a man handsome, white, tall, healthy, hardworking, punctual, honest, truthful, faithful, dutiful, does not mean that there are a number of men instead of one. Even a man can have numerous nouns simultaneously e.g. man, citizen, husband, father, brother, scholar, teacher, preacher, donor etc. It does not mean that all these nouns represent different persons, but one man. So all Divine Attributes mentioned in the Qur’an are meant for only One God, without any concept of multiple deities. These Divine Attributes represent neither holy spirits nor heavenly powers. Ar Rehman (the most Beneficent) means that God shows extensive and unlimited kindness to His all creatures without any discrimination. [Muhammad bin Mukarram Al Afriqee, Lisan-ul-Arab :12/230-231]
[4] Ar Raheem, one of the most beautiful names, means  the God  with perpetual, constant and endless mercy. [Muhammad bin Mukarram     Al Afriqee, Lisan-ul-Arab :12/230-231]
[5] Arabic construction Al-Hamdregisters all sorts of praise and thanks for all His blessings.[Muhammad bin Mukarram Al Afriqee, Lisan-ul-Arab :3/155] It is ALLAH, Who deserves the praise and prays to thank Him for His countless blessings. The Qur’an says: “It is ALLAH, Who created the heavens and the earth, and caused the rain to descend from the height, thereby He produced fruits as food for you, and made ships your servant, so that they run on (the surface of) the sea, at His command, and made rivers your servant. And He made the sun and the moon, your servant, the two constantly revolving bodies, and made the night and the day, your servant. And He gave you, what you did require, if you would count the boons of ALLAH, you can not enclose them. Verily! man is unjust and ungrateful.” [14:32-34]
[6] Arabic construction Rabb qualifies God, Who originated and evolves things to give them their perfect shapes and forms. (Raghib Esfhani, Mufradat-ul-Qur’an).He masters the universe, being its absolute Lord, without any need of advisor, partner or helper. He is the Cherisher and the Sustainer for all His creatures including human beings. He needs nothing but everything needs Him for its existence. Eiman(faith) in only one Universal Sustainer is inner core of Islam..
[7] The Arabic construction Alameen is plural of Alam, which literally means a union of different things. Alameen equates to the universe i.e. all things created by ALLAH. .[Muhammad bin Mukarram Al Afriqee, Lisan-ul-Arab :12/420-421]
[8] See f.n.3
[9] See f.n.4
[10] The Arabic construction Yaum-ud-Deenliterally means the Day of Reward [Muhammad bin Mukarram Al Afriqee, Lisan-ul-Arab :13/169] The Qur’an declares that ALLAH will create the universe once again after its complete destruction. The Qur’an says:  The Day when We shall roll up all the heavenly bodies as a recorder rolls up a written scroll, as We originated the first creation, We shall repeat it. It is a promise on Our part, verily! We are to do it.” [21:104] Afterwards, He will bring the dead to life. The Qur’an says: “ Verily! the Day of Resurrection will come, there is no doubt thereof, surely, ALLAH will raise those who are in the graves.”[22:7] After resurrection, man will be informed what he did in his worldly life, the Qur’an says: “ On the day ALLAH will raise them all and inform them of what they did.” [58:6] Thereafter, ALLAH will decide the final destination of each man, according to his Eiman (faith) and deeds. Monotheist believers will be honored  in Eden and disbelievers or polytheists will be thrown into the Hell Fire. The Qur’an says: “ ALLAH promises to the Eiman(faith)ful men and women, Paradise, underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide-purified dwellings in Paradise of Aden. And far greater ALLAH’s acceptance, that is the supreme success.”[9:72] “ But those who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, such are people of Fire, they will abide therein, that is a miserable destination.” [64:10] On this day, people will be rewarded according to their Eiman (faith) and deeds, that is why , it is termed as Day of Reward. ALLAH is the Master of Day of Reward, with all prestige and sovereignty. He will decide all the matters with His free will, without any sort of discrimination based on cast, colour or language. Nobody would be able to affect His decisions. It will be the real Day of Justice. Allah Almighty says:

The Day they come forth nothing concerning them will be concealed from Allah . To whom belongs [all] sovereignty this Day? To ALLAH, the One, the Prevailing. This Day every soul will be recompensed for what it earned. No injustice today! Indeed, Allah is swift in account.  [40:16-17]

[11] It has been formerly mentioned that Al-Fatihah is a sort of prayer, so we the Muslim worship only one God, specifying Him for every sort of worship. Worship comprises two human behaviors , first excited love and second extreme submission. The two behaviors are devoted to ALLAH Almighty. It is not only the desire of our souls but also the order of the Lord: “ O’ mankind! worship your Lord, who created you and the people were before you, so that you may become pious.” [2:21]
[12] We, the Muslims, ask ALLAH, the only God, for divine help in every situation and matter of life, particularly, for performing noble deeds and avoiding the evils. It is the abrupt result of belief in oneness of God. We do not invoke our beloved Apostle (peace be on him) or any supernatural entity for divine help. How can we call other entities, even after believing in only one Sustainer and Benefactor, ALLAH Almighty? The Qur’an says: “Is it not He Who responds to the sorrowful one, when he cries unto Him, and removes the sorrow, and makes you the viceroys of the earth? Is there any god beside ALLAH? Little do you think.”[27:62] Muhammad ,the Messenger (peace be on him) said to his cousin Abdullah bin Abbas (May He be pleased with them): “Whenever you seek help, ask ALLAH for help.”[Ahmad bin Hanbal: Al-Musnad, H#2669, 2763]
[13] Mankind rely on three common sources of knowledge (i)Senses (ii)Intellect (iii)True Narration, but none of these sources is reliable perfectly, in sense of certainty. Despite our horrible or joyful achievements in technology, countless questions are debatable about physical world. We, probably, have discovered only 1 % of the cosmos. Surely, we can never reach on the farthest spot of the cosmos, even if we travel with the velocity of light (300000 km/sec), within our physical life. Then what about the meta-physical world? In fact we can not find the ultimate solutions to our common psychological and socio-politico-economic problems depending on the limited, imperfect and developing sources of knowledge. Theories have been constructed, debated and ultimately rejected because of new information, for thousands years. Nothing in human theories, is definite, ultimate and unchallengeable. Should human beings keep wandering aimlessly in wilderness of uncertainty, suffering injustice, without the reliable and perfect guidance? Actually, we need, Divine Guidance, devoid of any sort of flaws. The Muslims seek guidance of ALLAH for not only the salvation in the afterlife but in the physical life as well, because being the Creator, He knows every thing, the Qur’an says: “Nothing in the earth or in the sky is hidden from ALLAH.” [3:5]
[14] The way of all the Messengers of God (Peace be on them) and their righteous followers is called the Straight Way. Qur’an says:
“That is Our argument ,We gave it unto Ibrahim (Abraham) against his folk, We raise people in status, whom We will. Verily! Your Lord is the Wisest and the well Known. And We bestowed upon him Es’haque( Isaac) and Yaqoob (Jacob) , each of them We guided, and Nooh(Noah) did We guide aforetime and his descendents Dawoud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ayub (Job),Yousuf (Joseph),Moosa (Moses) and Haroon (Aaron). Thus We reward the virtuous people. And Zakariya (Zachariah),Yahya (John),Eisa (Jesus) and Elyas (Elias) were righteous people . And Ismael (Ishmael), Alyesa (Elisha),Younus (Jonah) and Lowt (Lot), all of them did We prefer above the Worlds. With some of their forefathers, offspring and brothers, and We selected them and guided them to the Straight Way.”[6:83-87]
[15] ALLAH’s Messengers and their righteous followers were granted by Him, as the Qur’an clarifies itself: “These are those unto whom ALLAH granted from among the Apostles, of the seed of Adam, and of those whom We carried with Nooh (Noah) and of the seed of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Israel and among those whom We guided and chose.” [19:58]
[16] Things are recognized by comparing with their opposites. The people granted by ALLAH, have been distinguished here from those who were condemned by Him for being astray. Every person or nation who goes against ALLAH and His Messenger is said to be astray, as Qur’an states: “One who disobeys ALLAH and His Messenger, verily, he goes astray in blunder.” [33:36] The degree of disobedience may vary from person to person and nation to nation. Consequently the way of condemnation may vary as well. For instance ,there were nations who denied ALLAH’s Messengers (Peace be on them) but never tried to kill them, on the other hand certain nations raised the degree of denial and killed the Messengers. Do these two categories deserve the same reaction? Surely never. Depending on the degree of disobedience, ALLAH perished certain nations while others were given chance to survive. One of these nations was partially perished and partially survived, i.e. the Jew. They have been condemned by ALLAH strictly. Now they make a distorted nation, scattered in the world. The Qur’an states: “And ignominy and humiliation were stamped upon them, and they earned ALLAH’s condemnation, that was because they persisted in denying the Revelations of ALLAH, and in slaying the Apostles against all right, this all happened because they disobeyed and used to rebel .” [2:61]Both the Old and New Testaments testify the Qur’anic narrative, for instance read   Matthew xxiii 34-35, Matthew xxiii 37, Luke xi 51, Thessalonians ii, 15. Even they tried their best to kill Eisa bin Maryam( Jesus, the Christ) (peace be on them) by impaling him to death, but ALLAH saved him.
Al Fatiha is not only a prayer but a comprehensive extract of the Qur’an as well. It is an essential part of Muslim Prayers, As Salat. Muhammad, the  Last Messenger (peace be on him) said , “One who does not recite Fatiha-tul-Kitab, his Salaah (prayers) is nothing” [Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al Musnad : H.23053, Al Bukhari, As Sahih : H.756, Al Muslim, As Sahih: H.397, Ibni Khuzaimah, As Sahih: H.488, Ibni Hibban, As Sahih : H.1782, Al Hakim, Al Mustadrak :1/238] The Last Messenger (peace be on him) said about  Umm-ul-Qur’an (Al Fatiha), “ By Who holds my soul, ALLAH has not revealed like this, neither in Torah, Injeel (The Gospel)and Zaboor (The Psalms) nor in the Qur’an, these are the Seven Repeated Verses. [Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al Musnad : H.8667, 9334] The Last Messenger (peace be on him) used to say Ameen just after reciting Al Fatiha, as his companion Wayel bin Hujr narrated, “ I heard reciting the Apostle (peace be on him) Walad Dhalin (Nor the astray) then he said Ameen, saying this he raised his voice.” [Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al Musnad : H#19047, Abu Dawoud, As Sunan : H#932,  At Termizi, As Sunan: H#248, 249] The Last Messenger (peace be on him) said, “ALLAH has said: I have divided Salat between Me and My slave(devotee), he has been endowed with what for he asked, when he says ‘Praise be to ALLAH, the Lord of the worlds’,  He says ‘My slave praised Me’, when he says ‘The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful’, He says ‘My slave glorified Me’ when he says ‘The Master of the Day of Reward’, He says ‘ My slave devoted himself to Me’, when he says ‘Thee alone we worship and thee alone we ask for help’, He says ‘It is between Me and My slave, he is endowed with what for he asked’, when he says ‘Guide us to the Straight Way. The way of those whom You have favourd. Neither the punished nor the astray.’ He says ‘It  is My slave’s share, he has been endowed with what for he asked me.’’    [Ahmad bin Hanbal,   Al Musnad : H#7289, Al Muslim, As Sahih: H#395, Ibni Khuzaimah, As Sahih: H#490, Ibni Hibban, As Sahih : H#776]